Follow by Email

Sunday, 4 March 2012

The blog of lists: 101 summaries of important/interesting research into sport (Part 1)

Research is a complex and time-consuming activity.  It can involve years of data-gathering, and its findings are often subtle and difficult to reduce to a few simple recipes.


BUT, if it wasn't ...


This entry tries to summarise some important research studies in sports coaching and related areas like physical education, youth sport and sport development.  I have also included some lists that just seem interesting to sporty folk.  In all cases, the summaries are in the form of lists.


My ambition in doing this is twofold: I hope this lists are useful and interesting in their own right.  But I also hope the reader will go from here to the original research papers, many of which readable.


The lists are not in any particular order.  Why?  Because it seems to me that we come across some of the most insightful ideas when we are looking for something else.


[Oh, I should acknowledge straight away that there are nowhere near 101 lists!]








What are the minimum requirements of sports programmes aiming to foster positive sporting experiences for young people?

  1.       a clear mission;
  2.       developmentally appropriate content;
  3.       a safe and healthy environment;
  4.       suitably trained staff;
  5.       integrated family and community partners; and
  6.       on-going assessments.

Sources: E.g., Bodily, S., and Beckett, M. K. (2005)  Making out-of-school-time matter: Evidence for an action agenda. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Education and Rand Labor and Population.  Coatsworth, J. D., and Conray, D. E. (2007)  Youth sport as a component of afterschool programs.  New Directions for Youth Development, 115, pp. 57-74.  Eccles, J. S., and Gootman, J. A. (eds) (2002) Community programs to promote youth development. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.





Why were Olympians first attracted to their sport?
  1. a love of the sport
  2. an intrinsic love of activity
  3. early success in the sport



Once introduced to their sport, why did these Olympians continue to participate?
  1. the challenge and love of competition
  2. fun
  3. a desire to be successful



As the level of competition increased, why did these Olympians continue to participate?
  1. the challenge and love of competition
  2. a desire to be successful
  3. the need for a competitive outlet
  4. fun



What are the most important qualities of a coach?
  1. the ability to teach
  2. the ability to motivate or encourage
  3. training knowledge
  4. skill competence
  5. strategic knowledge of sport


What are the least important qualities of a coach?
  1. assistance with goal setting
  2. management and organisational skills
  3. assistance with balancing the lives of athletes


Source: Gibbons, T., Hill, R., McConnell, A., Forster, T., Moore, J. (2002)  The path to excellence: a comprehensive view of development of U.S. Olympians who competed from 1984-1998. Colorado Springs, CO: United States Olympic Committee.





How do Female Athletes Want their Parents to Behave?

The study found three categories of parental behaviour across different phases of competition (before, during, after):

  • preparation for competition
  • parental support and, encouragement during competition
  • the provision of feedback after competition


Source: Knight, C. J., Neely, K. C., & Holt, N. L. (2011) Parental Behaviors in Team Sports: How do Female Athletes Want Parents to Behave? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 23(1), pp. 76-92.


Why Do Children Want to Take Part in Gymnastics Classes?
  1. Being with and Making Friends
  2. Developing Physical Fitness
  3. Learning and Improving Skills

Source: Wald, J. (2003) Parental Motivations for Enrolling their Children in a Private Gymnastic Program.  The Sport Journal.  6(3).


World's Most Popular Sports (for fans)

  1. Soccer / Football
  2. Cricket
  3. Field Hockey
  4. Tennis
  5. Volleyball


Source: http://www.mostpopularsports.net/




Highest Paid Sportspeople (2011-2012)

  1. Tiger Woods, golf - $75 million
  2. Kobe Bryant, basketball - $53 million
  3. LeBron James, basketball, $48 million
  4. Roger Federer, tennis, $47 million
  5. Phil Mickelson, golf, $46.5 million
  6. David Beckham, football, $40 million
  7. Cristiano Ronaldo, football, $38 million
  8. Alex Rodriguez, baseball, $35 million
  9. Michael Schumacher, motor racing, $34 million
  10. Lionel Messi, football, $32.3 million
Source: http://www.forbes.com

1 comment:

William Barlow Elder said...

All the faculty members are our heroes, they lead our youths in the right way to become successful in the future like them. | William Elder Utah | Will Elder Utah